Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

What is Primary Color in Color Theory, how to create a secondary color from Primary color, what colors are created by mixing Primary and Secondary color, which color is called Tint, which color is for shadows, We will tell you all in this article.

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel, In Color Theory, primary colors are first. Primary Color is Red, Blue, Yellow. Red, Green, Blue are also the primary colors, they are the colors of the screen with RGB color monitor and the colors of RGB color are combined to form the colors of CMYK, which is used for printing.

In Color Theory, any color can be made by mixing Primary Color. But except for White & Black, since Black and White are not colors, they are shades. When you meet these three Primary Color (RBY) colors, the colors that are produced are called Secondary color.

For example, when we mix Red and Blue, Purple color is created, when Blue and Yellow are mixed, Green color is created and when Yellow and Red color are mixed, Orange color is created. These color wheels are called your secondary colors. Now when you mix secondary color, the next color that is created is called Tertiary color.

Tertiary color means when primary and secondary colors are mixed, or secondary colors are mixed together, they are called Tertiary color. By combining these colors, the Color Wheel becomes ready in our Color Theory. There are total 12 colors in Tertiary color.
Then comes Color Temperature, because color has a psychological effect. The colors are cold and warm as well. There are two categories of temperature color: –

1. Warm Color
2. Cool Color

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

Warm colors are Red, Orange and Yellow. Cool colors are Purple, Blue and Green.
In Warm Color, you will see that our Sun which has Red, Orange and Yellow three color tone. Apart from this, Fire also has the same three color tone, so it is Warm Color.
Which are cool colors, like Blue color you see in water, Green is the color of your nature, colors that make you feel relaxed, so they are cool color. Hue is the name of color.

Saturation colors are those, when you draw a color from a picture, then gradually a stage comes up that it becomes completely black and white, desaturate, as if reducing the intensity of the red color when one gets black on stage, then drawing a color is called Saturation.

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel
Tint – When you add white to a solid color or to a pure color, the color goes light gradually. And after certain time it comes to the stage of white, that color is called Tint. Like when we add white color to blue color, it gradually becomes light at one stage and it becomes white. In this, the shadow of Blue we get, we call it Tint.

Shade – If you mix black color in any color or in any pure color, you will get 2 versions in it, one Light and one Dark. The dark one which is in position is called your shade. In this, when you add black to pure color, it will slowly move towards black, so when there is a dark version, we will call it Shade.

Tone – If you add a gray color to a pure color, then the shades that you will get in the middle are Tone.

Value – Light and Dark position of your color is called Value.

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

Monochromatic Scheme – When you add Tint, Shade and Tone to a pure color, the shades that you get are called Monochromatic Scheme. Mostly these colors are majorly used in interior designing.

Complementary Colors – In these colors, in Color Theory, which is the opposite color of the Color Wheel, the opposite colors of each other are called Complementary Colors. As you can see in the Color Wheel, the opposite color of Red color is Green, similarly the opposite color of Yellow color is Purple. So these are called Complementary Colors.

Rectangle (Triadic) – When you draw a rectangle in the Color Wheel and the 4 corners that are in the rectangle, the colors that are selected in it are called Rectangle colors.

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel
Tetrad Color Scheme Rectangle Square Rectangle Square

Square Scheme – When you draw a square in a Color Wheel in Color Theory means Square is one whose height and width are the same, then the color that will be selected in its corner is called Square Scheme.

Analogs Color – When you use any two to four colors from one side in the Color Wheel in Color Theory in your design, those colors are called Analogs Color.

 Color Theory and Color Wheel, Now many times in color theory it happens that the art work we create on the computer looks good on the computer, but as soon as we print it, it starts to look strange. The colors that are in it start to look strange. So it can have many reasons, like RGB mode instead of CMYK, or the monster you are using, its brightness or contrast is messed up, or its colors are wrong, or there can be other reasons. But in color theory, the main reason is that graphic designer is not having full information of colors.

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

 Color Theory and Color Wheel

The color found in the whole world has given birth to a system by the Pantone company, which is named PMS (Pantone Matching System). In color theory, there is a global language of PMS color, which is the same everywhere in all over the world.

Like you are designing a logo or Voucher and you have to send it for print in Australia. Your Australia client or who is printing, that design, he demands from you PMS color. As soon as you give the PMS code to the client, it prints that design, and its output color is not different at all.

 Color Theory and Color Wheel, Normally we all know that printing is done in CMYK, CMYK four different inks come in one place and produce a color and print it on paper. It may be that inks of different qualities are made at different places in the world, due to which the colors are seen here and there, hence Pantone is such an ink which is of the same quality all over the world.

Many times it happens to the designer that they are working in CMYK mode in color theory on computer and all the colors they decide and print according to CMYK, but still there are many difference in colors. If you do not want such problems, it is best to use PMS because only PMS helps in what you see on the screen to print, almost same color got print on paper.

Now how do we extract PMS color code in Color Theory, then we use online tool for this, by the way there are many tools online, to extract this PMS Code, but I am telling you its site, from where it helps to convert CMYK to PMS code.

 Color Theory and Color Wheel, Note the CMYK color code of the color code you need and open that site. Here is the link to that site in Color Theory:

 Color Theory and Color Wheel, Now enter this CMYK code on this site, as soon as you enter, you will see that PMS code will be shown on the screen. From there you can generate PMS code.


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